The provision that creates the incentive for businesses to hire people part-time instead of full-time is the employer mandate, which requires employers with 50 or more full-time employees to offer health insurance to full-time employees (those working 30 or more hours per week). To avoid having to provide health insurance, some employers have cut employees' hours so it is below that threshold.Here's Senator Clinton, on changing the incentives.
You know, we got to change that because we have built in some unfortunate incentives that discourage full-time employment. A lot of employers believe if you don't work 40-hours a week you don't get benefits and that includes; you don't get health care benefits; that might include you're not eligible for the family medical leave; you're not eligible for paid sick days. So, there is a disincentive in our system that we need to deal with and I really worry about it because there is trend to try and move more and more people into part-time work; and how many of you are part-time workers? And sometimes you want to work part-time, it fits into your family, it fits into your life obligations but sometimes you want to work full-time but you can't get a full-time job. So, I want to look at all the employment rules.In that passage are opportunities to introduce interstate competition in insurance, or medical savings accounts, or repeal and replace, if the Republican majority can grasp them.
And catch that "sometimes you want to work part-time, it fits into your family." Just watch any modification of the medical leave provisions create additional reasons for businesses to stay small and make only part-time hires.