In practice, though, that direction doesn't work so well.
Here are some suggestions for recognizing emergence in the urban form.
- Given that cities are complex and unpredictable systems, we should resist the urge to heavily centralize their management.
- In order to function and evolve, cities need relatively free and open land markets and a functioning ecosystem of small developers and entrepreneurs.
- We must recognize that even if we had all the relevant information about how to manage any given city, the remarkable variety of unique preferences among urban residents should make us wary of strictly regulating urban form and design.