Plenty of grain and oil coming out of the Dakotas along the old Great Northern High Line (so called for its placement on the map: Great Northern has the easiest northern crossing of the Rockies.)  The heirs to James J. Hill are building trackage to move the traffic.
The main work this year was west of Minot where BNSF has been building a second track to Williston on what had historically been a single track railroad most of the way.  They have been bulldozing hills, filling in valleys and pushing dirt out into small lakes to build a second track. There are many stretches of the 120-mile route where track is in and operational for 6-7 mile sections. We found a significant portion has been fully graded, shaped and tamped into a roadbed awaiting ties, ballast and rail. It appears that BNSF crews have been trying to grade and shape as many miles as possible before freeze-up and are planning to lay rail, ties and ballast in the winter months when it is impossible to grade dirt. If this winter is severe, this work may have to wait for next spring. As of late September crews were filling in a large valley east of Epping and only a mile or so from the existing double track into Williston, ND. They expect to have 55 miles of double track completed by the end of the year on this segment.
The focus of the post is on getting Amtrak's Empire Builder running reliably again, but that's a trickle-down benefit to getting the freight through.
We came away with the clear picture that BNSF is doing everything physically possible to get the congested railroad in North Dakota unclogged as quickly as possible. The problem the Empire Builder is facing, is the same one all shippers of grain and oil are facing. There is simply too much traffic and too many trains for the railroad to handle. The line is handling almost twice as much traffic as it handled ten years ago and probably 8 times as much as in the Great Northern days of the 1960’s when more passenger trains operated over the route. The fact is that the “pipe” is only so big and only so much can be pushed through it. No amount screaming, investigations or pressure from government entities is going to change that physical fact. Only adding another pipe (track) can fix the problem, which is exactly what BNSF is doing as fast as possible. We are as frustrated as anyone at the terrible on time performance of the Empire Builder, but we do not see any way this can be changed until these improvements are implemented.
Let alone, if any of the more optimistic subscribers to All Aboard Minnesota would like to see a return of the Western Star and Red River and Dakotan and Winnipeg Limited to an area that has lots of potential for a corridor.

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